About Dyslexia

According to the International Dyslexia Association, "[d]yslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin.  It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.  Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge."

Warning Signs of Dyslexia

Preschool age:

*Delay in speaking. The delay may be modest, which is why many parents attribute it to a family history of late talking. Keep in mind that dyslexia is genetic. Some children do not exhibit speech delays at all. 

* Difficulty in pronunciation or "baby talk" that persists. By 5-6 years of age, children should be able to pronounce words correctly.

*Insensitivity to rhyme may indicate a difficulty knowing that words can be broken down into segments and that different words may share common sounds. Familiarity with rhyming is a strong predictor of later success in reading.

*Trouble learning names and sounds of letters, days of the week, colors and shapes.

*Difficulty separating sounds in words and blending sounds to make words.

*Talking around words and choosing words that lack precision. Retrieving the correct word may be challenging. For example, tornado versus volcano.

*Fine motor skills may develop more slowly than other children. Tying shoes and writing may be difficult.



*Difficulty sounding out the pronunciation of unfamiliar words

*Problems remembering left/right, before/after, yesterday/tomorrow

*Reading at a level below the expected level for the age of the child

*Confusing small words, such as "at" and "to" or "does" and "goes"

*Substitutes or deletes words while reading

*Reading a single word in isolation is hard

*Consistent spelling errors

*Learning a foreign language is difficult

*May be prone to accidents



*Spells poorly

*Reads slowly

*Avoids writing

*May have excellent memory

*Often has good "people" skills

*Difficulty with planning, organization and time management

*May be good at reading people "intuitive"

*Spatially talented


*Not all individuals with these signs have dyslexia. However, if problems persist or if there is a family history of reading problems, you may want to get a professional evaluation.


There are no signs of dyslexia before a child enters school.

Truth- Signs of dyslexia in preschool children include slightly delayed speech, difficulty learning and remembering names of letters, trouble rhyming words, persistent "baby talk", problems with articulation and a family history of reading difficulties.


Tests can be administered at a young age to identify potential problems. Appropriate intervention can be put into place to alleviate future challenges.


Myth- People with dyslexia see words and letters backwards.

Truth- There is no evidence that those with dyslexia actually see letters and words backwards. The difficulty is in attaching a name and sound to letters and words. Dyslexia is a language processing disorder, not a visual disorder.


Myth- Dyslexia affects more boys than girls.

Truth- According to studies, dyslexia affects a comparable number of boys and girls. Boys may be referred for an evaluation more often than girls due to behavior issues.


Myth- People who have dyslexia cannot read.

Truth- Most people with dyslexia do learn to read. Those with dyslexia read slower and put forth more effort in reading than a typical reader. Typical readers become fluent, which means that reading is fast, smooth, automatic and with expression. Those with dyslexia are not automatic readers.


Myth- People with dyslexia are not smart.

Truth- Some of the brightest students struggle to read. Dyslexia affects people with average, above average and highly gifted intellectual levels.


Myth- If you perform well in school, you do not have dyslexia.

Truth- Some people with dyslexia perform well in school due to hard work and high levels of motivation.  Some students with dyslexia may need accommodations that allow them to demonstrate their knowledge.


Myth- Individuals outgrow dyslexia.

Truth- Dyslexia is a life-long disorder that is marked by difficulties with reading speed and word decoding. Adult symptoms of dyslexia include slow reading, mispronunciations and spelling difficulties.

Myths and Truths About Dyslexia

What is Dyslexia?

Facts About Dyslexia

• 15-20% of the population have symptoms of dyslexia.

  1. Of the students that receive special education services

   for a specific learning  disability, 70-80% have deficits in reading.

  1. Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading,

   writing and spelling difficulties.

• Dyslexia runs in families.

  1. 74% of students who are poor readers in 3rd grade

   remain poor readers in 9th grade.

Information courtesy of: http://www.interdys.org/

Home  |  About Us  |  Resources  |  Schools  |  Events  |  About Dyslexia  |  Contact Us